Gohan Kumite - 5 Step Sparring
The focus is Timing. The attacker (Uke) sets the pace and the defender (Tori) reacts to the attacker.
Sanbon Kumite - 3 Step Sparring
The focus is Timing + Distancing. The defender chooses from 3 different distances...Close, Medium or Long Range. The range determines the stance and the counter. Also introduced is Tai Sabaki.
Ippon Kumite - 1 Step Sparring
The focus is Timing + Distancing + Control.
The focus is cumulative as you transition from Gohan to Sanbon to Ippon. The student must demonstrate a clear understanding of each.